Dr Maria Montessori was the first woman to qualify as a medical doctor in Italy. She opened her first school (casa dei bambini)in San Lorenz0 Italy in 1907."
Maria Montessori's approach to education focuses on the immense capacity of the child.
Montessori advocates that children absorb information in a prepared environment when given the freedom and independence to learn at their own pace.
From observing the way children learn Montessori was able to provide tools tailored to the way children experienced the world around them. These tools known as the Montessori apparatus form the core of our Montessori environment.
Today a hundred years later her insights and approach to child developments have been enormously influential all over the world in over 150 countries.
Children extend their vocabulary and fluency by talking and listening, hearing and responding to stories, songs and rhymes. Every child becomes familiar with books, both for reference and as a source of stories and pictures. The Montessori Child begins reading when he/she is ready and proceeds at his/her own pace.
The Montessori Sandpaper letters provides a phonetic basis for reading. The child hears the sound, sees the shape and prepare his/her muscles for writing by the light tracing of the letter with the fingertips.
Many other language exercises for reading and writing practise are found on the classroom shelves.
The maths activities are arranged in a hierarchy of difficulty, so that the child is assisted in finding the materials on his/her own level.
Children soon become familiar with the sorting, matching, ordering, sequencing and counting activities, which form the basis for early mathematics.
The Sensorial Materials of the Montessori Classroom are designed to aid the process of classification.
These materials are designed to develop the senses of smell, hearing, vision, touch, taste, and perception,as well as the ability to discriminate between shapes and sizes.
Activities of everyday living such as Spontaneous role play usually occurrs in the practical life area, cultural area and/or during outdoor play.
This area includes activities ranging from transferring, spooning to buttoning and lacing. It also includes care of self and courteousness
In this area of the Montessori environment the child is being introduced to different cultures and life styles, Cultural activities includes Exploration and care of the environment both inside and outside.This also help the child to understand his role in the world and that he is in fact, a very important part of the whole system. Special topics including religious festivals, events and occasions help children to learn and recognize differences, and similarities in Cultures.
Children are encouraged to use a wide range of materials in order to express their own ideas and feelings and to construct their individual response to experiences around them.
Children use various art medium such as paint, glue, crayons and pencils as well as natural and discarded resources, this provide for open-ended exploration of skills.
Individual children and occasionally small groups engage in freely-available art and craft activities.
The Montessori philosophy is based on Dr Montessori's teachings about the holistic development of the individual child. Her approach is based on the concepts of allowing children to develop at their own pace, and to learn through meaningful experiences in their prepared environment.
The Montessori method is a highly hands-on approach to learning and encourages the child to self teach through discovery.
The Montessori classroom provides a well- prepared environment where children have the opportunities to engage in spontaneous but meaningful activities. This enables the child to develop concentration, motivation and self confidence in well structured experiences.